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The Effects of E-Cigarettes Will “take years to manifest”

Illustration+by+Katie+Lins.
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The Effects of E-Cigarettes Will “take years to manifest”

Illustration by Katie Lins.

Illustration by Katie Lins.

Illustration by Katie Lins.

Illustration by Katie Lins.

Sam Sklar, Sports Editor

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  According to the National Youth Tobacco Survey conducted by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) this year, approximately 20.8 percent of high school students have vaped in the last 30 days, up 9.1 percent from last year. Due to this extreme rise in vaping, scientists are scrambling to conduct research about the effects of vaping.
  “E-cigs have not been around all that long. This makes health effects research particularly difficult because health effects often take years to manifest,” said University of California San Francisco Professor Stanton Glantz, a major activist for tobacco control. “This makes studying cancer particularly hard.”
  In 2014, British Professor David Nutt assembled a meeting with eleven other professors and scientists. They came to the conclusion that e-cigarettes are 95 percent safer than conventional cigarettes. This idea spread, despite there being a lack of hard evidence to support their claim.
  Even though e-cigarettes are claimed to be 95 percent less harmful than cigarettes, that does not mean they are 100 percent safe, according to Glantz.
  In January of 2018, Glantz—along with his partner David Bareham—released an annual review on the effects of using e-cigarettes. In the 26-page document, they stressed three major effects of vaping: cancer, cardiovascular disease, and lung disease. One thing that is known for sure is that vapes contain cancer causing chemicals called carcinogens.According to the document, “known bladder carcinogens have been detected in the urine of e-cigarette users, but not in non-users.” On the other hand, e-cigarettes do contain less carcinogens than conventional cigarettes.
  “There are many things in e-cigarette aerosol that affect the cardiovascular system,” said Glantz. As for cardiovascular disease, e-cigarettes contain ultrafine particles that help carry nicotine deep into the lungs. These ultrafine particles can trigger inflammatory processes, which in turn can lead to cardiovascular disease and other acute cardiovascular events.
  Similarly to cardiovascular disease, vaping can cause lung disease due to the particles found in the aerosol, according to the report. One of those particles is acrolein. Repeat exposure to acrolein has multiple effects such as chronic pulmonary inflammation, mucus hypersecretion, and neutrophil inflammation.

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The Effects of E-Cigarettes Will “take years to manifest”